9.6. 二元字串函式及運算子

This section describes functions and operators for examining and manipulating bit strings, that is values of the typesbitandbit varying. Aside from the usual comparison operators, the operators shown inTable 9.13can be used. Bit string operands of&,|, and#must be of equal length. When bit shifting, the original length of the string is preserved, as shown in the examples.

Table 9.13. Bit String Operators

Operator

Description

Example

Result

`

`

concatenation

`B'10001'

B'011'`

10001011

&

bitwise AND

B'10001' & B'01101'

00001

`

`

bitwise OR

`B'10001'

B'01101'`

11101

#

bitwise XOR

B'10001' # B'01101'

11100

~

bitwise NOT

~ B'10001'

01110

<<

bitwise shift left

B'10001' << 3

01000

>>

bitwise shift right

B'10001' >> 2

00100

The followingSQL-standard functions work on bit strings as well as character strings:length,bit_length,octet_length,position,substring,overlay.

The following functions work on bit strings as well as binary strings:get_bit,set_bit. When working with a bit string, these functions number the first (leftmost) bit of the string as bit 0.

In addition, it is possible to cast integral values to and from typebit. Some examples:

44::bit(10)
0000101100
44::bit(3)
100
cast(-44 as bit(12))
111111010100
'1110'::bit(4)::integer
14

Note that casting to just“bit”means casting tobit(1), and so will deliver only the least significant bit of the integer.

Note

Casting an integer tobit(n)copies the rightmostnbits. Casting an integer to a bit string width wider than the integer itself will sign-extend on the left.